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Medical Therapeutic Area Descriptions
Below are detailed descriptions of various medical areas to assist you in easily finding the right category to begin your
clinical trial, drug therapy,
trial results search, health association
or patient resources search.
Diseases having to do with the structure and function of the heart and blood vessels. Studies in these areas
include: heart failure, coronary artery disease, high cholesterol, blood clots, circulation disorders, and others.
Surgery relating to the teeth, jaw, face and its structures. Studies in these areas include: acute and chronic
dental pain, oral cavity cancer, oral facial pain, oral medicine, and saliva and salivary gland dysfunction.
Fields concerned with skin disorders and the reconstruction or replacement of deformed, damaged, or lost parts
of the body. Also concerns cosmetic surgery. Studies in these areas include: acne, congenital skin diseases,
genital herpes, genital warts, liposuction, psoriasis, skin wounds, athlete’s foot, venous leg ulcers, and others.
Field relating to hormone-manufacturing glands such as the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands,
as well as the ovary and testis, the placenta, and the pancreas. Studies in this area include: diabetes and
diabetes-related disorders, diet and nutrition, hormone-replacement therapy, menopause, obesity, and others.
The study of the gastrointestinal organs and diseases relating to them. This includes any part of the digestive
tract from mouth to anus, liver, biliary tract, and the pancreas. Studies in this area include: constipation,
Crohn’s disease, diarrhea, gall bladder disease, heartburn, hemorrhoids, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), ulcers,
liver disease, stomach cancer, and others.
Field regarding blood, blood-forming tissues, and the diseases associated with them. Studies in this area
include: anemia, blood clots, bone marrow transplant, leukemia, platelet disorders, red-cell disorders, T-cell
lymphoma, vitamin deficiencies, white-cell disorders, and others.
Diseases affecting the defense mechanisms of the body. Studies in this area include: AIDS, auto-immune diseases,
bacterial infections, chronic fatigue syndrome, common cold, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis, HIV
infections, immuno-suppressives, influenza, lyme disease, meningitis, parasite and protozoan infections, strep
throat, vaccines, viral infections, and others.
Field having to do with the muscles and the bones of the body. Studies in this area include: aging, bone density,
bone fractures, chronic back pain, hip replacement, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, spinal
cord injuries, and others.
The studies and the treatment of diseases of the kidney and the urinary tract. Studies in these areas include:
bladder cancer, impotence, kidney disease, kidney stones, mastectomy, nocturia, renal cell carcinoma, urinary tract
infections, and others.
Field concerning the nervous system, especially the brain, peripheral nerves, and spinal cord. Studies in this
field include: Alzheimer’s Disease, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Carpal Tunnel Syndrome,
Huntington’s Disease, dementia, memory loss, migraine headaches, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy,
Parkinson’s Disease, strokes, Tourette’s Syndrome, and others.
Research pertaining to the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as to the study of the women’s
reproductive system in general. Studies in these areas include: contraception, hormone-replacement therapy,
menopause, menstrual disorders, ovarian cysts, PMS, pregnancy/labor/delivery, yeast infections, and others.
The medical, surgical, and radiation treatment of tumors (cancerous, especially). Studies in this area include most
types of cancer and treatment thereof.
Field concerning the eye and eye diseases. Studies in this area include: cataracts, eye infections, glaucoma,
macular degeneration, near-sighted corrective surgery, and others.
Also known as ENT (ears, nose, and throat), this is the study of diseases involving the ears and the larynx (organ
that helps produce vocal sounds and serves as an air passageway, located in the neck/throat). Studies in this area
include: allergy, ear infections, pneumonia, rhinitis, sinus infections, strep throat, and others.
The medical treatment and study of children and infants, respectively. Studies in these areas include: anorexia,
asthma, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), birth defects, cancers in children, child depression,
growth deficiencies, juvenile diabetes, obesity, strep throat, vaccines, and others.
The science of drugs and poisonous materials (respectively) and their effects on the body. Studies in these areas
include: diet and nutrition; overdoses; and vitamin deficiencies.
Fields relating to mental disorders and their treatment and prevention. Also, the study of human behavior.
Studies in these areas include: addictions, anxiety, dementia, depression, bipolar disorders, manic disorders,
mood disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, schizophrenia, social phobia, substance abuse, and others.
Diseases having to do with the lungs and/or breathing. Studies in these areas include: Acute Respiratory Distress
Syndrome (ARDS), allergy, asthma, bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, lung disease, pneumonia, sinus infections,
smoking cessation, and others.
The field relating to joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments, and associated structures. Studies in this area include:
arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, and others.
The medical specialties involving physical wounds or injuries. Studies in these areas include: athletic injuries,
burns, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), traumatic brain injuries, and others.
Healthy Patient Studies
Most Healthy Patient Studies are Phase I studies which are primarily concerned with assessing a drug's safety.
This initial phase of testing in humans is done in a small number of healthy volunteers who are usually paid for
participating in the study. Other Healthy Patient Studies investigate the effects of environmental conditions on
healthy volunteers. For instance, the studies may investigate the effects of exercise, vitamins, or diet on the